What is Menopause?
A natural condition experienced by women in their forties or fifties, menopause marks the end of the reproductive period. The average age when women tend to experience physical symptoms such as hot flashes, low energy, disrupted sleep and emotional imbalance, is around 49-50 years.
While going through menopause can be overwhelming, slight lifestyle adjustments and hormonal therapy can smoothen the period.
The symptoms of menopause are different for every woman. While some might experience only a change in their menstrual cycles, there are others that might experience the following:
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Missed menstrual cycles
- General fatigue
- Mood swings
- Higher heart rates
- Severe headaches
- Joint and muscle aches
- Vaginal dryness
- Low bladder control
- Libido changes (sex drive)
Complications after menopause
Once you hit menopause, you will experience changes in your body that might lead to complications in some cases. Some of them include:
- Cardiovascular diseases: Since your estrogen levels decrease, you’re at a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases. It becomes even more important for women to focus on their heart’s health after menopause.
- Urinary incontinence: The tissues of your vagina and urethra lose their elasticity after menopause. Due to this, you may experience a strong urge to urinate suddenly and sometimes involuntary loss of urine. In some cases, women also experience loss of urine while coughing or exercising.
- Osteoporosis: Menopausal changes in the body lead to the bones becoming brittle and weak. This increases the risk of fractures as you age.
- Weight gain: A lot of women see an increase in their weight after menopause due to a slow down in metabolism. To maintain your existing weight, you will need to make lifestyle and dietary changes, and make exercising regularly a habit.
- Sexual function: The vagina tends to become drier due to a decrease in moisture production. The loss of elasticity of the tissues alongside, causes discomfort during sexual intercourse. This loss of libido results in lesser desire for sexual activity.